Cognitive - Transactional Analysis
The approach is concerned with the teaching of autonomous decisions to combat three areas which are said to have controlled the clients life thus far, these are: external factors, hereditary and the client's life script. The counsellor's role of teacher implies expertise, leading to power imbalance. A TA counsellor does not promote the clients ability to make autonomous decisions, however, this attitude does not extend throughout the whole theory. This is likely to cause the client confusion, teaching about autonomy may suit the learner, but the teacher role is in conflict with allowing the client to practice autonomy in a secure and safe environment.
The counsellor adopts a position of power, diagnoses and is prepared to tell the client what to do. As with any method of diagnosis, the counsellor is in danger of working with the problem rather that with the client. This becomes an impersonaly way of working.
Heavey initial contracting does not allow for the changing priorities, this will prove restrictive as the 'goalposts' move. Person centred theory offers flexibility in terms of not overly specifying the content of each session; in addition, addressing the power balance is reflected in practicing the theory.
Homework is often used and this is not supportive of those with reading difficulties, this practice is known as bibliotherapy, a form of supportive psychotherapy in which carefully selected reading materials are used to assit a subject in solving personal problems or for other therapeutic purposes. (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000, Houghton Miffin Company)Page 1 | Page 1 | Page 10 | Page 11 | Page 12 | Page 13 | Page 2 | Page 2 | Page 3 | Page 3 | Page 4 | Page 5 | Page 5 | Page 6 | Page 6 | Page 7 | Page 7 | Page 8 | Page 8 | Page 9 | Page 9 |
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